Yesterday I looked at the basic (very basic) plot structure and while I'll be taking a more indepth look at structure and variations on it in later posts, today I just want to focus on complications.
Everyone will tell you a story has to have a problem. Or a complication. Or a conflict. It all amounts to the same thing. There has to be a central issue that is in some way connected to the central characters. Why? Because otherwise, what is your story about.
If someone handed me a book and said 'read it', my first question would be 'what is it about?'. This isn't me wanting the blurb read to me or someone's review. This is me just wanting to know what is the point of the book. Boil all the fancy words down, what is the reason for the story. Read the two answers below and decide which you would read.
1. Luke and Lane are getting married.
2. Luke and Lane are getting married but Lane's mother doesn't approve.
The first tells me what events to expect but it doesn't sound particularly interesting. Unless it is a biography about two people I had heard of and I was wanting to know about their wedding, I'm unlikely to read it. The second tells me there is a problem. They want to get married, but... And that but is enough to keep me interested. How does Lane's mother react? Does she try to interfere? Stop the wedding? Why doesn't she approve? So many questions that I instantly want answered and now I have to read the book to find out.
You have to have a complication.
And before you run off and try to think of something so intensely convoluted that even Nostradamus would have asked for directions the central complication doesn't need to too complex. The important thing is that there is a point to reading and the reader can expect some kind of satisfactory explanation. It is not really important to try to confuse them. If you want to make your story more complex, you can layer other complications and side plots in later, but the basic storyline should be relatively clear.
What kind of problem could there be?
Most people I've spoken to and most of the advice I've read points to four basic types of conflict that appear in books.
1. Man against society - The protagonist (for whatever reason) opposes the world and society in which he lives. The story then usually revolves around the protagonist trying to change things in some way.
2. Man against man - Two characters for whatever reason have opposing view points or goals and the clash of personalities creates the conflict. Frequently one will be villianised while the other will be set up as a hero.
3. Man against himself - Looking at internal conflict of someone trying to change who they are within.
4. Man against nature - Protagonist trying to defeat some kind of monster, natural disaster, climb a mountain, save the world, etc, etc.
While these are the basic types of conflict there are many books that use variations or combinations of these, plus if you include multiple sub-plots it will enable you to explore more than one of these within a single story.
Tomorrow I'm going to put together a list of links found this week and then in the next post I'll be looking at hooks. Let me know if you have any advice or links you would like added or linked to and I would love to know what you think about complications in stories.